Brain Tumors


Cancer Localisation: Brain , Eye
Treatment: Chemotherapy, Radiation, Surgery

Brain Tumors in a nutshell:

Brain tumors are the second most common type of cancers in children, after Leukemia.

The brain is part of the Nervous System which also includes the eye (Retina) and the main nervous system (Sympathetic Nervous System).

There are about a dozen different types of brain cancers, which can roughly be divided by the following general formula:

Cell types (for example)Location (For exampleName (For Example)
Astrocytoma, Ependymoma, Medulloblastoma etc.Cerebram, Brain-stem, Optical-nerveGlioma, Adenoma, Blastoma, Carcinoma, Sarcoma etc.

A cancer’s name can be comprised of the cell-type alone or a combination of two or more of the above mentioned categories. Here are a few common type’s names:

  • Brain-Stem-Glioma
  • Medullo-Blastoma (The most common type among brain tumors)
  • Optic-Glioma
  • Cerebral-Astrocytoma
  • Rhabdoid Tumors* (The Rhabdoid tumors are mainly formed in the cerebellum or brain stem, however in the past were considered as a sub-type of Wilms tumor (kidneys). Recent and newer conception is seeing Rhabdoid as a sub type of MedulloBlastoma)


External links:

To learn more about Barin cancers and for more links please visit sites such as:

The American Childhood Cancer Organization (ACCO) / Brain

To learn more about Rhabdoid please visit:

The American Childhood Cancer Organization (ACCO) / Rhabdoid
The National Cancer Institute (NCI)


Parents who have been there would also tell you;


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